Leave for sigiriya early morning from negombo, climb and visit around the sigiriya, having lunch some place in sigiriya. Drive to Habaran for Elephant ride (as you wish) on the way to Habarana visit to batik factory (as you wish) climb to dambulla and back to Negombo.
Sigiriya is located in the district of matale in Inamaluwa korale. built in the 5th century A.D. it’s about 200 M high rocks. it is 10 miles from dambulla. On the route to Trincomalee from the Inamaluwa junction and proceed about 5 ½ miles on the road to the east the sigiriya rock be reached.
In 456 A.D. datusena became the king of Anuradhapuraya. He had 2 sons and a daughter. The daughter was married to a senpathi of the king. Incensed by the treatment the daughter had received from the mother of the senpati , Datusena is said to have got her burned to death. This incident turned the senpati against the king. He joined Kasyapa and raised a rebellion which was successfull. Datusena was captured and later put to death in a most revolting manner. Kasyapa though king was not at ease. Mugalan his brother has a legitimate claim to the throne. Mugalan who fled to india might come back with an Indian army. Haunted by these fears Kasyapa abandoned Anuradhapura, built form himself a formidable fortress on the rock of sigiriya.
Mugalan who was in hiding, returned from India, challenged him with an army. In the battle, fortune went against Kasyapa and he committed suicide. Kasyapa was the only king who ruled from Sigiriya.
Was erected by splitting a rock in two and placing one spilt half upwards. On it was constructed the Magul Maduwa. There still remains a seat in the Magul Maduwa. The other split half was set aside and on it was constructed a small pond. Between the two split halves is a narrow path. On either side are small caves decorated with beautiful paintings
The mirror wall was so well polished, it made of a kind of porcelain, that even today after fifteen centuries of exposure to sun, wind and rain, one can see one’s reflection in it. It is 3M high wall. More than 1500 years ago in which visitors noted on this wall their impression of the women in the gallery above.
Above the mirror wall is well sheltered pocket or cave. There are references in the graffiti to 500 ladies in these paintings. However many more are lost only 21 remain today. These paintings are similar in style to the paintings of Ajantha in India some of them are still remarkable good condition.
The water garden is beautifully landscaped; contain a complex network of underground water distribution system, which provides water to the royal baths. The water garden feature ancient pools still working fountains during the rainy season.
Dambulla is situated 148km east ok Colombo, 72km north of Kandy and about 19km south of sigiriya on the Matale-Anuradhapura road. Dambulla cave temple (the golden temple of Dambulla) the height of the mountain180 meters above the plain. It is declared as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1991. It is the largest and best preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. The caves which the temple occuoies are at a height of about 105 meters, above the plain.
The history of the caves themselves dates back to the 01st century B.C. There are 80 caves in surrounding and some of them have been used by the monks as meditation location. The cave temple features 05 well preserved caves, each of which houses ancient statues of the Buddha and historic artwork depicting the buddha’s life. Within these 05 caves is housed a collection of 157 valuable images of Buddha, 03 statues of Sri Lankan kings and 04 statues of gods and goddesses. Later include two statues of hindu gods, the god Vishnu and the god Ganesh. Inside the caves the rock surfaces, ceiling and side walls are covered with paintings executed indigenous traditional color schemes to an extent of about 2100 square meters.
Near to Dambulla deep inside the jungle is largest ironwood forest and pink quartz mountain in asia. This place named by the " jathika namal uyana'' the ironwood tree is endemic to sri Lanka and replanted forest is over 260 acres in extent. According to archeological researcher’s findings the pink quartz in this historical place has a history of 550 millions of year.
Habarana is small city in the Anuradhapura district of sri Lanka. and heart of the cultural triangle of sri Lanka. Habarana situated main road from Colombo to Trincomalee and Polonnaruwa. Nearby to the sigiriya, and Dambulla cave temple, and is closely located Mineriya and kaudulla national park which is heavily populated Elephant which are the transit places to lot of Elephant and other wildlife during the dry season. Also famed for Elephant back riding, chain of high class tourist resort
Sri Lanka is known world over for her handicrafts. These products are manufactured by applying age-old techniques that have been handed down from generation to generation.
These artifacts are manufactured by using only the tools particular to them and from raw materials found abundant in nature.
The craft of batik came to Sri Lanka from Indonesia. it was brought in by the Dutch at the time when they occupied these territories. The craft is an ancient tradition in China, India, and Japan, though the traditions were particular to each area, they also seemed to have links and associations with one another. Traditional trading caravan routes were important in the spread of the craft by the traders.