Leave early morning form Negombo to Pinnawala Elephant orphanage to see baby elephant fed milk by bottle and bathed, after we visit to spice and herbal garden, the way to Kandy we will visit tea factory ,gem museum, our next stop is Peradeniya botanical garden. After lunch we drive to Kandy city, visit to the temple of tooth, after temple we will go around Kandy city. When go around city we will stop batik factory and wood carving factory. After we will leave from Kandy to Negombo
During the reign of king Kitsiri Mevan the tooth Relic was brought to Ceylon from Kalinga by princess Hemamali and prince Danta. The Tooth Relic was considered as the symbol of kingship and became the most sacred object of worship in the island. it was customary for the kings to build a temple near the place , and to become its custodian. The Tooth Relic was taken to Polannaruwa, Beligala Dambadeniya and Yapahuwa - the capitals of ancient Ceylon. It was Aryachakravarti who seized the tooth Relic and fled to India. However King Parakramabahu 3rd was able to bring the relic back to Sri Lanka. It was King Vimaladharmasuriya 1st who brought back the tooth relic to Kandy. The temple built by him was renovated by his son Veera parakrama narendasingha and Kirti Sri Rajasinghe respectively. King Sri Wikrama rajasingha built the Pattirippuwa or the octagonal shaped building. A new building was constructed to enclose the ancient temple without changing its architecture. The Tooth relic is placed in the old shrine.
A tea plant was brought to Ceylon by the British from China and was planted in the Royal Botanical Gardens, Peradeniya. James Taylor planted the first 19 acres of tea in Loolecondra Estate near Kandy, Ceylon and this marked the birth tea industry in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
The Tea plant, Camellia Sansis, is cultivated variety of the tree originating from the region between India and China. The tea leaves are mostly hand plucked. When the plant is plucked two leaves and a bud are cut. And experienced Plucker can pluck up to 30 kg tea leaves per day. To make one kg black tea, approximately 4 kg tea leaves are needed. One tea plant produces about 70 kg black tea a year. In a warm climate the plant is plucked for the first time after 4 years and will produce tea for at least 50 years A suitable climate for cultivation has a minimum annual rainfall of 45 to 50 inches (l, 140 to 1,270 millimeters). Tea soils must be acid; tea cannot be grown in alkaline soils. A desirable pH value is 5.8 to 5.4 or less.
Everyday around 300,000 estate workers pluck several million tea leaves by hand. This is the first step in the manufacture of quality Ceylon tea.
Only the bud and the two youngest leaves are plucked, for it is only these leaves that have the flavor and aroma. In other parts of the world plucking is done by machines. These machines pluck the bud, the young leaf a lot of coarse leaf and few twigs as well. Coarse leaf and twigs just add bulk and not flavor to the tea.
The plucked tea leaf is then brought to the muster sheds where they are weighed in, and first quality inspection is made. The leaf is then moved to the factory where they are withered using large blowers.
The next step in the manufacturing process involves, cutting the leaves. This brings out the juices and begins the fermentation process. Fermentation is the critical step. The humidity, temperature and fermentation time has to be well controlled or the flavor is lost.
After fermentation is completed, the leaf is fired, to lock in the flavor, to dry it and to improve the keeping qualities. Absolutely no preservative or artificial flavorings are added in the manufacture of pure Ceylon tea.
The final step is the separation of the product according the color and the particle size. Here stringent quality control is done and anything that does not measure up to the standards is rejected.
The finished product is shipped in bulk to mainly to Europe, the middle-east, Australia, and North America. Only the best tea is exported. Unfortunately once it leaves Sri Lanka it is mixed with lower quality and cheaper produce from the African countries and India.
Attractions in the city is, old Dutch fort gate was built in 1672 currently using a part of the prison. The Dutch canal which was the supply route to Dutch administration, the 100km long Dutch canal running through the town, still used and is an attraction for those who want to see the country from a different perspective. Old churches and fishing villagers can be seen in this area very often.
The royal botanical garden of Peradeniya is located in close to the city of Kandy, in the central province of Sri Lanka. The total of the garden is 147 acres and situated 500 m from sea level. It's included more than 300 varieties of orchids and 4000 species of plant, Spice, medicinal plant and palms trees.
The history of the botanical garden dates as far back as 1371 when King Wickrama Bahu lll ascended the throne and kept court at Peradeniya near Mahaweli gaga. Later in the reign of king Kirti sri raja Singhe from 1747 to 1780 this was made a royal garden.
Nowhere is this rich diversity more evident than in Kandy, the charming hill capital, 465 meters above sea level. This beautiful city, with its hills, valleys, rivers, lakes, waterfalls only 116 km from Colombo has its hallowed and living shrines in the many temples, churches and mosques in and around the city. Nestling midst low hills and looped by Sri Lanka's largest river, the Mahaveli, Kandy can still be regarded as the home of the arts and crafts, music dance and song. Kandy the last capital of the Sinhalese kings is a living record to a magnificent past.
At any time of the year Kandy is a romantic city, but in August the ancient capital becomes the venue for one of the most legendary festivals in Asia. Dominating Kandy is the Dalada Maligaya - the Temple of the Tooth relic with the Kandy Lake in the foreground. Rituals are enacted daily in the temple to generate the Relic. Accompanied by flute playing and drumming. Public honor is paid to it when the Esala Perahera is held in July and August each year. Elephant decked with golden attire precede the lofted sacred casket late into the height.